Before you decide whether to use points or cash for your upcoming travel, you’ll first need to figure out if it’s even possible to book your flight using points.
If everything across the board is costing an ungodly number of points, it’s probably a better idea to save your points for another time.
Let’s take an example one-way flight from Los Angeles to New York where you want to fly on nonstop routes only in either business or first class. You only have American Express Membership Rewards points to work with, and you’re open to flying into either Newark (EWR) or New York (JFK).
After doing all of the research, you might have been able to find the following nonstop flight options:
- United transcontinental Polaris class arriving at JFK for 50,000 United miles
- Delta One business class arriving at JFK for 60,000 Delta SkyMiles
- JetBlue Mint business class arriving at EWR for 52,000 Emirates miles
- Alaska Airlines first class arriving at EWR for 50,000 Alaska Airlines miles
Confirming award availability for the travel you’re planning is key — and for those airlines on this route, you’re probably looking at the lowest miles price for business class award tickets.
» Related: The Ultimate Guide to Searching for Flight Award Space
2. Cross-reference Your Existing Points and Miles
Carrying over the example listed above, let’s also keep in mind that you might only have Amex Membership Rewards points on hand.
Because of this constraint, you would probably have to eliminate the United transcontinental Polaris class and Alaska Airlines first class flight options. Since these tickets wouldn’t be accessible to any of United’s or Alaska Airlines’ partners, you’d likely only be able to book these flights if you actually had United miles or Alaska miles. And when you consider the fact that neither United nor Alaska are direct transfer partners of American Express, you’ll probably need to rule those out as realistic flight options to book.
The good news is that the 2 remaining options, Delta One and JetBlue Mint, would both be bookable using Amex Membership Rewards points!
Hot Tip: Not sure how to best use your points? Check out our transfer partner calculator tool to see all available transfer partners by flexible points program.
3. Compare Products Side-by-Side
Now that you’ve narrowed the field to options that you’d be able to book with your current points balance, let’s think about the other elements of the decision.
First, it’s worth noting that redeeming 60,000 versus 52,000 points probably won’t make a big difference in the grand scheme of things.
What might make a big difference is what you get when flying Delta One versus JetBlue Mint coast-to-coast.
Delta’s transcontinental fleet is comprised mostly of 767 aircraft with staggered, forward-facing lie-flat seats in a 1-2-1 configuration. That said, some aircraft are equipped with newer Delta One Suite-like arrangements for additional privacy. Common amenities include an excellent selection of inflight entertainment options, bedding by Westin, and decent catering. In addition, expect to be able to access the Delta Sky Club when flying on these routes.
When you fly on JetBlue Mint, you won’t get lounge access at the airport — but you’ll probably enjoy the flight more. JetBlue Mint offers restaurant-quality tapas-style catering, lovely cocktails, generally friendlier service, and a more exclusive experience. And if you can get your hands on a throne seat, which occupies the same real estate as 2 “regular” JetBlue Mint seats and has a sliding door, you’ll have your own private oasis in the sky.
4. Weigh Flight Schedules
Another element you have to keep in the back of your mind is the scheduling — if you need to fly out in the morning and Delta’s flight is only available on a red-eye schedule, you might want to remove the Delta flight from consideration.
5. Calculate Redemption Value
Once you’ve narrowed down the field of available options to 1 (or at most 2), you’ll probably be pretty close to making a judgment call on the plan forward.
In the example above, we’ve identified JetBlue Mint as the best option for the example since the Delta flight schedule wouldn’t work and both the United and Alaska Airlines flight options wouldn’t be easily bookable using Amex points.
So let’s say you do some research on Google Flights and see that the JetBlue Mint flight costs around $1,299. Meanwhile, it would cost 52,000 Amex Membership Rewards points + ~$10.10 in taxes and fees to book this flight.
Therefore, your redemption value would be around 2.5 cents per point. As you can tell, this redemption value, while better than our valuations of 2.2 cents per Amex point, isn’t anywhere near the 5 to 10 cents per point redemption value you’d get for some international business or first class flights.
So the question is: is it worth it?
The answer is simple, yet complicated: it depends. To make a decision, you’ll need to look at how much it’s worth to you.
6. Consider Your Personal Values
So after all is said and done, you’re contemplating either of these options for the one-way JetBlue Mint flight:
- Pay $1,299
- Redeem 52,000 Amex points transferred to Emirates Skywards + $10.10 in taxes and fees
Usually, the rule of thumb is that you should redeem points for domestic or regional flights if you can get 2 cents per point of value, which you can achieve here.
But the real answer requires you to ask yourself some extra questions:
The reason why these internal dialogues are so important is that there’s always an opportunity cost associated with using points.
If your financial circumstances are such that you don’t need to constantly scrimp and save, or if it would make sense to deploy those points towards trips with potentially higher value, like a bucket list Maldives trip or a business class trip to Europe, you might want to pay for this flight knowing you’ll probably get better value when planning international trips.
If you’re cash-strapped and need to keep your expenses as low as possible today, or if you just have millions of points, it makes total sense to redeem your points and lock in that redemption value.
And lastly, another major issue to raise with yourself is figuring out if it’s even feasible for you to pursue aspirational redemptions given your personal situation. For example, if you’re a brand-new parent and wouldn’t be able to take long-haul international trips to Australia, Bora Bora, Greece, or Japan anytime soon, this is probably going to be among the best redemption values you can expect. But if you do frequently visit far-flung destinations, you can probably get better redemption value on those flights than on transcontinental JetBlue Mint.
7. Determine Your Own Points Valuations
While Upgraded Points has developed a formula for calculating points and miles values, we encourage you to figure out your own points valuations.
For example, if you have a ton of points, you might feel more comfortable accepting a lower redemption value as long as it’s fairly consistent and is the best deal available on the travel you’re planning.
On the flip side, if you can only accumulate enough points for 1 international business class trip per year based on your spending patterns, and this flight to New York would cause you to not have enough points to plan your international trip, we would definitely recommend paying out of pocket for the shorter flight, regardless of the redemption value you get on the domestic flight.
8. Is There Anything Else You Haven’t Yet Taken Into Account?
Before you make the final decision on whether to pay for your flight or redeem miles, do a quick analysis of your existing points and ask yourself if you’re missing anything.
For example, if you already have a stash of Emirates miles, which happen to be expiring soon, it’s probably a great idea to use them (and avoid losing them).
If you recently made a ton of purchases and expect to earn a bunch of points, you might not be as short on points as you think — maybe you will have enough points to book all of your near-term travel.
It might be difficult to think of all the other possible details that could steer you in one direction or away from another direction, but take some time to think deeply about these questions!
9. Think About Other Ways To Bring Costs Down
When it comes to planning travel, thinking of all the possible alternatives will drive you crazy, but there are a few consistent ways to bring your costs down if you’re still on the fence about redeeming points or spending cash for your travel.
For example, if you’re traveling to New York on JetBlue and have Mosaic+ elite status, you might want to waitlist yourself for a complimentary Mint upgrade. Keep in mind that this strategy is by no means a guaranteed way to enjoy business class — it’s subject to availability.
If you’re traveling with a companion, it might make sense to pay for 1 ticket with cash and redeem miles for the other ticket, which is known as a hybrid redemption strategy.
If you were planning on paying out of pocket for hotels in New York, maybe it’s worth dusting off any free night certificates you might have to offset those costs, too. By redeeming free night certificates, you can allocate more of your travel budget towards the flight.
Another option that applies to airfare optimization is using companion tickets — for example, if you’re flying to the U.K. and plan on redeeming British Airways Avios, you can cut down on the ticket cost by leveraging the Travel Together Ticket you’ll receive if you spend $30,000 on purchases in a calendar year using the British Airways Visa Signature® Card.
10. Evaluate Your Flexibility
One last topic we’ll discuss very broadly is flexibility and how you can tip the scales in your favor by being flexible.
If you find yourself to be an opportunistic traveler who can plan trips far in advance and be incredibly flexible on dates as long as you can track down those fantastic deals, you can capture great deals not only for award travel, but cash travel, too.
Here are some levers you can pull to access better award availability:
- Changing flight dates
- Changing flight times
- Changing trip duration
- Changing air routing
- Changing booking window
- Changing airline
- Changing destination
Changing Flight Dates
Most of us who plan trips wish to fly out on a Thursday, Friday, or Saturday and return on a Saturday or Sunday. If you can fly out on a Tuesday or return on a Monday, you might be able to get better deals on your award travel. Plus, you might even be able to find cheaper paid deals!
Changing Flight Times
If you need to fly on a strict schedule for work or business, we get it. But if you have any level of flexibility to fly in the morning instead of the afternoon, you might have better luck finding a deal.
Changing Trip Duration
In an ideal world, you want to spend as much time as possible in your preferred destination — but there’s no sense in thinking about spending 10 days in a certain destination if you can’t even get there in the first place. Consider being flexible in your trip duration!
Changing Air Routing
This is one of the biggest areas where those who can think outside the box will get rewarded with the biggest spoils.
For example, if you originally only wanted to fly into New York (JFK), you might be missing out on comfortable flight availability to Newark (EWR), which is a similar distance to Midtown Manhattan!
Changing Booking Window
If you’ve already missed the boat on the ideal planning window to get the best deals, it might be a good idea to adjust your future planning so you can get the best deals possible before someone else takes them!
Lots of travelers are loyalists to 1 of the Big 3 — Delta, United, and American. And while that’s understandable, consider that other airlines, including JetBlue, also offer superb premium cabin experiences!
By being airline-agnostic, you can generally get better deals.
If you absolutely can’t seem to find any good deals and see that flights to Cancún are crippling in terms of points costs, consider changing your travel plans to a similar destination with better availability on points, like Puerto Vallarta or Puerto Rico!
How Fixed-value Points Make Redemptions Easier (But Not Necessarily Better)
In the world of points and miles, we love redeeming our points for awesome value through sweet spots. These are flights and/or hotels booked at an outsized value thanks to advantageous pricing that applies only to a small percentage of overall redemptions in the loyalty program. For example, we consider Lufthansa’s first class flights to Germany to be a fantastic sweet spot when redeeming Amex points — but these redemptions are often niche and may not apply to the average traveler. So, the short of it is that sweet spots require an additional layer of complexity to maximize, and many travelers are looking for simplicity and consistent value with their points.
That’s where fixed-value points come into play. Certain loyalty programs, such as Southwest Rapid Rewards, JetBlue TrueBlue, and Air New Zealand Airpoints, adopt currencies that have a fixed value, hence the name.
For example, when you redeem Southwest Rapid Rewards points, you’ll always observe a redemption value of around 1.3 to 1.5 cents per point. It’ll almost never be less than that, but it’ll also almost never be more than that. Your Southwest points are worth, therefore, a fixed value. Because your points are always worth the same no matter where or when you’re flying, you can always redeem points for flights and be confident that you’re getting excellent value.
Similarly, if you choose to redeem points for your flights through the Chase Ultimate Rewards travel portal, Amex Travel portal (using Pay with Points), Citi ThankYou travel portal, or Capital One Travel, you’ll get fixed points value.
It’s simpler by a long shot, but you’re potentially missing out on better redemption value.
All in all, there isn’t a one-size-fits-all methodology for figuring out whether to use points or cash for a specific flight. It always depends!
And to a certain extent, that’s the beauty of points and miles — you can freely choose when to use them or save them depending on your own personal situation.
Now, you have all the guidance you’ll need to make a decision on whether to use points or cash for your next flight.